Now Let's Review Provo

Provo-Chaco Canyon Ruins

Lets visit Chaco Culture Park (New Mexico) from Provo, UT. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater was collected, in addition to the natural sandstone reservoirs in the arroyo (an intermittently floating river), which formed the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in tanks where runoff was diverted via a system of ditches. The timber sources required to build the roofs and the floors that are top formerly present in the canyon and, because to dryness and deforestation, disappeared at concerning the time of the Chacoan fluorescence. Hence, over a walking distance of 80 kilometers, Chacoan traveled to coniferous forests south and west, chopping down trees and then peeling and drying them for a long time, before returning and bringing everyone to the canyon. This was not a task that is tiny the transportation of each tree would require a team of men and women on a several-day journey and the construction and reparation of approximately ten big houses and big kiva sites in the canyon for during 200,000 trees over the three centuries. The Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon had large architectural levels of the territory, the canyon was a little section in the center of a vast, linked area forming the Chacoan civilization. Although it was a small piece of canyon. More than 200 villages of big houses and large kivas in the same characteristic style and design as those located in the gorge existed beyond the canyon, although on a smaller scale. Although the sites in the San Juan Basin were the most numerous, the Colorado plateau was larger in all than that of England. Chacoans have built a complicated system of roads by excavating and leveling the terrain that is underlying incorporating earthen or brick curves in some instances, to make them connected to the canyon and one another. These roads were typically founded in large residences in and above the canyon, extending amazingly straight outwards.   And even though steep forms that are common in South West America, i.e. mesas or buttes, crossed their streets, Chacoans kept the relative lines of the streets instead of building ramps or stairs on the faces. This strategy has a significant drawback. The roads are often not clear and can be difficult traveling by foot (9 meters) therefore they may serve some symbolic or purpose that is spiritual such as leading pilgrims to rituals and other gatherings. To facilitate faster communication between neighboring houses and places that are distant large buildings were placed in direct line of sight. Shrines at the tops of the mesas allowed for quicker signalling. Fajada Butte is a presence that is prominent Chaco Canyon. To give structure and connection to the Chacoan ecosystem, it is common to align buildings with key seasons like solstices and equinoxes. The wall at the Plaza of the Pueblo Bonito's magnificent Plaza is, for example, focused towards the north and east. It is also located to the west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada is a large, 19m-diameter kiva located in the Canyon. It has two T-shaped doors that run along the north-south line and two external doorways. The external doors are oriented towards the east and west so the rising sun can only pass through them on the day they are equinox.

The average household size in Provo, UT is 3.39 household members, with 39.6% owning their very own houses. The average home appraisal is $271878. For those people renting, they spend an average of $877 monthly. 66.8% of households have 2 sources of income, and a median domestic income of $48888. Average income is $15450. 26.3% of residents are living at or below the poverty line, and 8.2% are considered disabled. 2.1% of residents are ex-members associated with armed forces of the United States.

The labor force participation rate in Provo is 71.1%, with an unemployment rate of 4.6%. For those of you in the labor force, the typical commute time is 18.5 minutes. 13.4% of Provo’s residents have a masters degree, and 29.7% have earned a bachelors degree. For those without a college degree, 35.4% have at least some college, 14.3% have a high school diploma, and just 7.1% possess an education lower than senior school. 11.2% are not covered by medical insurance.